Types of Conditions
The Med-Stop Medical Clinic Group diagnoses and treats a variety of different illnesses and conditions. Some conditions such as the common cold don’t need medical treatment, while others are more serious. Here are some of the conditions we see on a regular basis – you can use this information as a guide to decide whether you should contact your doctor or not. However, if you are ever unsure, please feel free to contact us.
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can give you a sore, swollen throat. It affects people of all ages, but it is frequently seen in children. The cause of strep throat is the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus. This bacteria is highly contagious, and it spreads through the air when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface. If untreated, strep throat can cause dangerous complications such as kidney inflammation and rheumatic fever. Signs and symptoms of strep throat can include:
Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus
Tiny red spots on the area at the back of the roof of the mouth (soft or hard palate)
Swollen, tender lymph nodes
Nausea or vomiting, especially in younger children
If you or your child has signs or symptoms of strep throat, see your doctor for prompt testing and treatment.
The common cold is a viral infection of the nose and throat. It's usually harmless and most people recover within 7-10 days. Many types of viruses can cause a cold, and it is not necessary to treat the common cold with antibiotics. Symptoms usually appear 1-3 days after exposure to a cold-causing virus. Signs and symptoms may include:
Runny or stuffy nose
Slight body aches or a mild headache
Generally feeling unwell
Influenza, commonly known as the "flu," is an extremely contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza A, B or C viruses. Influenza spreads easily from person to person through coughing, sneezing, or having face-to-face contact. If you get sick with the flu, treat it at home with extra fluids, non-prescription medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or ibuprofen (Advil®), and plenty of rest. Consult your doctor if you develop flu-like symptoms and you have a condition that puts you at higher risk of complications. Influenza symptoms can include:
Children may also experience nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
Small hazards that can cause minor wounds are a part of life – it’s all too easy to cut your finger while cooking dinner or trip and skin your knee. If your cut or scrape is minor, it’s best to clean the cut with cool water to remove debris, and if necessary use soap, then stop the bleeding by applying firm, direct pressure with a clean cloth or gauze. You should only get medical attention if:
The wound is deep (1/4 inch or more), bleeding heavily, or on your face
You can see fat or muscle
The edges of the cut are jagged or gape open
You can't get all of the dirt or debris out of the wound, or the wound was caused by something very dirty or rusty
You have a puncture wound or a cut and haven't had a tetanus shot in the past 10 years
The wound is from an animal or human bite
The injured area feels numb
There are a variety of different skin conditions which can be temporary or permanent, painless or painful, and minor or life-threatening. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Common skin conditions include:
If you are unsure as to whether your skin condition requires medical attention, contact your doctor.
Ligaments are elastic-like bands that connect your bones and hold your joints in place. A sprain is a tear in the fibers of the ligament. The ligament can have a partial tear, or it can be completely torn apart. Sprained ligaments often swell rapidly and are painful. You can start injury treatment for most sprains, follow the instructions for R.I.C.E.:
You should seek medical assistance if:
The joint feels unstable or numb, or you can't use the joint. This may mean the ligament was completely torn.
You develop redness or red streaks that spread out from the injured area. This may mean you have an infection.
You have re-injured an area that has been injured a number of times in the past.
You have a severe sprain. Inadequate or delayed treatment may contribute to long-term joint instability or chronic pain.
Your ears, nose, and throat are all part of your upper respiratory system. They share anatomy and have similar mucous membrane linings, which means they get similar infections. If you are experiencing an ear, nose or throat infection, contact your doctor. You may need antibiotics to treat the infection.